The expierence de la Guerre de Trente Ans showed that armies need to be properly supplied in the field to prevent soldiers from pillaging et completely devastating the countryside. In time of war, many véhicules de transport civils are employed for this purpose, because army logistics troops are notoriously short of transport to supply the army avec provisions et munitions. Chariots paysans, camions Opel Blitz 3 t, et partially militarized camions MAN 10-ton de la Bundeswehr allemande have significant advantages over purpose-built military véhicules, they cost less, are cheaper to operate, et easier to maintain. Economies of scale come in to play, because popular véhicules civils are produced in larger numbers than similar military types.
During the Horse&Musket period of warfare, the typical fourgon de ravitaillement et bagage was similar to the four-wheeled farm cart used throughout Europe in a standardized design. The undercarriage consisted of a forward train avec plug-in shaft, connected to the rear axle by a round wood - known as Langwied en allemand. The Langwied was secured to the forward train by a swivel-pin. The standard forward train was used as an artillery limber by replacing the swivel-pin avec a limber-spike. Le chariot baché shown here consists of an artillery limber et a scratchbuilt trailer body. This semi-articulated construction is not strictly correct, but it has the advantage that the forward train can be used as a limber when the wagon is not needed.
Of the rear train, only the rear axle, et two supports were modelled, because the other parts will not be visible once the wagon model is mounted on its base. That part of the Langwied extending through the rear axle assembly need only be modelled if there is no spare wheel hiding it. The rear wheels were cast from a 1/43 scale Prince August field gun mould. The smaller spare wheel at the rear of the wagon is an artillery limber wheel cast from a Nürnberger Meisterzinn mould. The wagon body et the rear axle assembly were constructed from balsa. The wagon body supports et axles are flat et round toothpicks. The wagon was undercoated et painted avec a mixture of indigo et white artist oil colours pour représenter un véhicule militaire prussien. Joueurs de Guerre are well advised to paint supply véhicules a stained brown ou weathered gray wood colour, indicating that they are requisitioned véhicules civils suitable for any army, et mix in a few yellow, red, blue, ou green military wagons which clearly belong to one of the warring nations.
Le chariot paysan may be built avec ou without tilt. The supports are lengths of wire formed around a pen ou dowel of the correct diameter, et pushed into the balsa sides of the wagon body. The tarp is an oversized piece of tissue paper, to allow for shrinkage, draped over the supports et painted avec thinned white glue. Once dry, the tarp can be trimmed avec a scalpel knife. Paint, wash, et drybrush the tarp to give it a nicely textured et weathered look.
Munitions wagons of the period had a sloped roof made of hinged wooden planks which covered the ammunition compartments. The wagon sides et roof planks were strengthened avec metal bands, which may be recreated in miniature using aluminium foil.
- Baggage Wagon Conversion, 1/43 Prince August
- Baggage Wagon, 1/72 Fine Scale Factory SP06
- Chariot Paysan
- Baggage Wagon
- Fourgon de Ravitaillement
Fourgons de ravitaillement hippomobiles for wargames et dioramas are easy to scratchbuild. Wheels et wheel rims are the only complicated parts et they can be scrounged from artillery pieces et limbers. The construction is very simple if an artillery limber is used as the forward train of the wagon.
Pour plus d'informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.